Talaq in Islam
These days many questions are being raised on the matrimonial issues of Muslims particularly on divorce. Prominently they are:
1. Is triple talaq un-Islamic?
2. What does the Qur'an say about triple talaq?
3. Are Muslims bound to carry out complete Islamic
4. How long do Muslims follow Islamic Shariah?
5. How much important is the issue of triple talaq for Muslims these days?
6. When triple talaq is not followed in some Muslim countries, why Indian Muslims should follow it?
7. Has the Union Government comprehensively understood this issue and it is being projected as Hindutva policy of the B.J.P.?
8. Has the Congress taken opposite stand in Shah Bano case ?
9. Will triple talaq vanish completely?
Before the advent of Islam two systems of divorce were in Vogue . Some men divorced their wives and brought them back thus played with their lives and disturbed them. Whereas others lived together till death separated them .Islam adopted a moderate way between the two .Islam articulated divorce in such condition when acute differences occurred between them and it becomes impossible to live together . In such circumstances diktate is that first an effort should be made of reconciliation between them .If it fails ,the best way is that husband may pronounce one talaq and wait for a month. This talaq will indeed be for drawing the attention. If there is no reconciliation even after one month, he may pronounce second talaq and wait for one month more. If this period has also passed in vain and no reconciliation takes place then he may utter third talaq and which will be considered as complete and final one. After uttering triple talaq he cannot live with his wife . But if their enmity and hostility began to appear from the beginning and it seems peril, one may pronounce triple talaq in one go to avoid such grave danger. But it is the most hateful in the sight of Allah. Due to lack of knowledge about the correct procedure some utter triple talaq in one go ,and get rid of them , Its condemnation and abomination came in Shariah . Ulama are striving to apprise people of correct way of talaq as enshrined in the Qur'an and Sunnah .They have also suggested punishment that one who pronounce triple talaq without any provocation should be ostracized from society .Diktates about divorce are there in the Qur'an and Sunnah .Since they are regarded as religious decrees. Allah says in the Qur'an ;"A divorce is only permissible twice ;after that, the parties should either hold together on equitable terms, or separate with kindness"(S.2.V.229) Again Allah says ;"So if a husband divorces his wife (irrevocably), he cannot , after that, remarry her until after she has married another man and got divorced from him . In that case there is no blame on either of them if they re-unite, provided they can keep the limits ordained by Allah "(S.2.V.230)
For Muslims their religious injunctions are just like of that religious constitution and irrevocable. Other religions have no right to interfere in it. In Islam triple talaq is only allowed in case of compulsion and constraint . There may be some difference in deliberation and contemplation between the people of India and of other countries but India like-practice is prevailing in almost other countries of the world .Accordingly they do not act against the Qur'an and Sunnah .
The Congress is a political party and so the B.J.P. Both follow according to their political expediencies thus they do injustice time and again . While the constitution of India gives freedom of religion .So one is free to adhere to his faith .
It is ,therefore ,hoped that ruling party will not act against the constitution and also not meddle in religious issues .